How Mount Kilimanjaro was formed

By ~ Lindo Travel


How Mount Kilimanjaro was formed

Background Information of Mount Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro was formed about 1 million years ago by a series of volcanic movement’s along the Great Rift Valley. Until this point, the area was flat plain at about 600-900 meters above the sea level. About 750000 years ago volcanic activity forced three points above 4800 meters-Shira, Kibo and Mawenzi. Some 250,000 years later Shira became inactive and collapse into itself forming the crater. Kibo and Mawenzi continued their volcanic activity and it was their lava flow that forms the 11Km in a huge explosion creating a massive gorge. The last major eruptions occurred about 200 years ago and Kibo now lies dormant but not extinct. Although Kibo appears to be a snow-clad dome, it contains a caldera 2.5km across and 180 meter deep at the deepest point in the south. Within the depression is an inner as cone that rises to within 60 meter of the summit height and is evidence of former volcanic activity. On the southern slopes the glaciers reach down to about 4,200 meter, while on the north slopes they only descend a little below the summit.

Vegetation and Wildlife

Kilimanjaro has well-defined attitudinal vegetation zones, from the base to the summit these are: plateau, semi-arid scrub; cultivated, well-watered southern slopes; dense cloud forest; open moorland; alpine desert; moss and lichen. The slopes are home to elephant, rhino, buffalo, leopard, monkey and eland. Birdlife includes the enormous lammergeyer, the scarlet-tufted malachite sunbird as well as various species of starlings, sunbirds, the silvery-cheeked hornbill and the rufous-breasted sparrow hawk.

What Legend has to say about Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro Story

From ancient Ethiopian emperors to modern US presidents, Mount Kilimanjaro’s majestic snowcapped peak attracts adventurous from all over the world.

According... Read More »

Planning a Climb to Mount Kilimanjaro trip in Tanzania

Planning a Climb to Mount Kilimanjaro trip in Tanzania

Planning a Kilimanjaro climb with Lindo Travel is easy, prepare earlier the necessary gears for your Mount Kilimanjaro climbing adve... Read More »

Trekking Mount Kilimanjaro Information

Trekking Mount Kilimanjaro Important Information

Since its official opening in 1977, Kilimanjaro National Park has become one of Tanzania’s most visited parks. Unlike the other northern p... Read More »

The tallest tree in Africa is found in Mount Kilimanjaro - Tanzania

Did you know that the tallest tree in Africa, as well as the 6th tallest tree in the world, is found inside Mount Kilimanjaro national park? Where Kilimanjaro national park is one among the 16 ... Read More »

Ecology zones of Mt Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro is made up of five distinct climate zones. Which are; Cultivation, Forest, Moorland, Alpine Desert and arctic climate zones. Beneath we will look at each zone and its uniquene... Read More »

The Glacier on Mount Kilimanjaro

When you look at Kilimanjaro Glacier at first, it would look like nothing more than a big smooth pile of slightly boring ice, on the second sight, they are eye catching and very attractive. So ... Read More »

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